Published by Anwaar M. Katakweba

In Tanzania, wildlife and animal species in general are regulated by the Wildlife conservation Act of 2013.

On what amounts to the categorized endangered / protected species, the Wildlife conservation Act of 2013 coordinates with CITES activities, Convention on International Trade in endangered Specie of Flora and Fauna.  Section 35 of the Act urges the Director responsible to coordinate the undertaking by wildlife Authorities to comply with the requirements of the convention.

The Convention on International Trade in endangered Species of Flora and Fauna, it provides lists of species afforded different levels or types of protection from over-exploitation, and these are categorized in three Appendices.

Appendix I lists species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed animals and plants threatened with extinction and the convention prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial. As provided under Article III of the Convention.

Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. Dealing with such species is allowed by the Convention if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met, as required per as Per Article IV of the Convention.

Lastly, Appendix III is less restrictive but International trade in specimens of species listed in this Appendix is allowed only on presentation of the appropriate permits or certificates as Per Article V of the Convention.

Contradicting these provisions entails grave consequences as provided by the law, such as being liable to unbailable economic offences and  imprisonment of not less than three years.

See link below for the CITES Appendices

( https://cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php )